3分钟搞定MySQL5.6安装

MySQLzhangdh 发表了文章 • 2 个评论 • 806 次浏览 • 2015-12-22 16:43 • 来自相关话题

1. 下载MySQL二进制版本mkdir /opt/mysql
cd /opt/mysql
wget [url]http://cdn.mysql.com/archives/ ... ar.gz[/url]2. 将mysql解压到/opt/mysql下tar zxvf mysql-5.6.27-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz3. 创建一个软链,便于版本升级cd /usr/local/
ln -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.6.27-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64 mysql4. 创建MySQL启动用户groupadd mysql
useradd -g mysql -s /sbin/nologin -d /usr/local/mysql mysql5. 创建基本的目录mkdir -p /data/mysql/mysql3306/{data,logs,tmp}
chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql/mysql33066. 创建/etc/my.cnf配置文件(见附件)

7. 做MySQL初始化cd /usr/local/mysql
./scripts/mysql_install_db8. 创建一个启动脚本cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql9. 启动和关闭/etc/init.d/mysql start|stop|restart10. 配置文件参考:
#my.cnf
[client]
port            = 3306
socket          = /tmp/mysql.sock
[mysql]
prompt="\\u@\\h:\p  \\R:\\m:\\s [\\d]>"
#tee=/data/mysql/mysql3306/data/query.log
no-auto-rehash
[mysqld]
#misc
user = mysql
basedir = /usr/local/mysql
datadir = /data/mysql/mysql3306/data
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
event_scheduler = 0
#tmp
tmpdir=/data/mysql/mysql3306/tmp
#timeout
interactive_timeout = 300
wait_timeout = 300
#character set
character-set-server = utf8
open_files_limit = 65535
max_connections = 100
max_connect_errors = 100000
skip-name-resolve = 1
#logs
log-output=file
slow_query_log = 1
slow_query_log_file = slow.log
log-error = error.log
log_warnings = 2
pid-file = mysql.pid
long_query_time = 1
#log-slow-admin-statements = 1
#log-queries-not-using-indexes = 1
log-slow-slave-statements = 1
#binlog
binlog_format = row
server-id = 1003306
log-bin = /data/mysql/mysql3306/logs/mysql-bin
binlog_cache_size = 4M
max_binlog_size = 1G
max_binlog_cache_size = 2G
sync_binlog = 0
expire_logs_days = 10
#relay log
skip_slave_start = 1
max_relay_log_size = 1G
relay_log_purge = 1
relay_log_recovery = 1
log_slave_updates
#slave-skip-errors=1032,1053,1062
explicit_defaults_for_timestamp=1
#buffers & cache
table_open_cache = 2048
table_definition_cache = 2048
table_open_cache = 2048
max_heap_table_size = 96M
sort_buffer_size = 2M
join_buffer_size = 2M
thread_cache_size = 256
query_cache_size = 0
query_cache_type = 0
query_cache_limit = 256K
query_cache_min_res_unit = 512
thread_stack = 192K
tmp_table_size = 96M
key_buffer_size = 8M
read_buffer_size = 2M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 16M
bulk_insert_buffer_size = 32M
#myisam
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 128M
myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G
myisam_repair_threads = 1
#innodb
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 100M
innodb_buffer_pool_instances = 1
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:1G:autoextend
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_log_buffer_size = 64M
innodb_log_file_size = 500M
innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 50
innodb_file_per_table = 1
innodb_rollback_on_timeout
innodb_status_file = 1
innodb_io_capacity = 2000
transaction_isolation = READ-COMMITTED
innodb_flush_method = O_DIRECT
[mysqld_safe]
#malloc-lib=/usr/local/mysql/lib/jmalloc.so
nice=-19
open-files-limit=65535 查看全部
1. 下载MySQL二进制版本
mkdir /opt/mysql
cd /opt/mysql
wget [url]http://cdn.mysql.com/archives/ ... ar.gz[/url]
2. 将mysql解压到/opt/mysql下
tar zxvf mysql-5.6.27-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz
3. 创建一个软链,便于版本升级
cd /usr/local/ 
ln -s /opt/mysql/mysql-5.6.27-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64 mysql
4. 创建MySQL启动用户
groupadd mysql 
useradd -g mysql -s /sbin/nologin -d /usr/local/mysql mysql
5. 创建基本的目录
mkdir -p /data/mysql/mysql3306/{data,logs,tmp}
chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql/mysql3306
6. 创建/etc/my.cnf配置文件(见附件)

7. 做MySQL初始化
cd /usr/local/mysql
./scripts/mysql_install_db
8. 创建一个启动脚本
cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql
9. 启动和关闭
/etc/init.d/mysql start|stop|restart
10. 配置文件参考:
#my.cnf
[client]
port            = 3306
socket          = /tmp/mysql.sock
[mysql]
prompt="\\u@\\h:\p  \\R:\\m:\\s [\\d]>"
#tee=/data/mysql/mysql3306/data/query.log
no-auto-rehash
[mysqld]
#misc
user = mysql
basedir = /usr/local/mysql
datadir = /data/mysql/mysql3306/data
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
event_scheduler = 0
#tmp
tmpdir=/data/mysql/mysql3306/tmp
#timeout
interactive_timeout = 300
wait_timeout = 300
#character set
character-set-server = utf8
open_files_limit = 65535
max_connections = 100
max_connect_errors = 100000
skip-name-resolve = 1
#logs
log-output=file
slow_query_log = 1
slow_query_log_file = slow.log
log-error = error.log
log_warnings = 2
pid-file = mysql.pid
long_query_time = 1
#log-slow-admin-statements = 1
#log-queries-not-using-indexes = 1
log-slow-slave-statements = 1
#binlog
binlog_format = row
server-id = 1003306
log-bin = /data/mysql/mysql3306/logs/mysql-bin
binlog_cache_size = 4M
max_binlog_size = 1G
max_binlog_cache_size = 2G
sync_binlog = 0
expire_logs_days = 10
#relay log
skip_slave_start = 1
max_relay_log_size = 1G
relay_log_purge = 1
relay_log_recovery = 1
log_slave_updates
#slave-skip-errors=1032,1053,1062
explicit_defaults_for_timestamp=1
#buffers & cache
table_open_cache = 2048
table_definition_cache = 2048
table_open_cache = 2048
max_heap_table_size = 96M
sort_buffer_size = 2M
join_buffer_size = 2M
thread_cache_size = 256
query_cache_size = 0
query_cache_type = 0
query_cache_limit = 256K
query_cache_min_res_unit = 512
thread_stack = 192K
tmp_table_size = 96M
key_buffer_size = 8M
read_buffer_size = 2M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 16M
bulk_insert_buffer_size = 32M
#myisam
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 128M
myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G
myisam_repair_threads = 1
#innodb
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 100M
innodb_buffer_pool_instances = 1
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:1G:autoextend
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_log_buffer_size = 64M
innodb_log_file_size = 500M
innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 50
innodb_file_per_table = 1
innodb_rollback_on_timeout
innodb_status_file = 1
innodb_io_capacity = 2000
transaction_isolation = READ-COMMITTED
innodb_flush_method = O_DIRECT
[mysqld_safe]
#malloc-lib=/usr/local/mysql/lib/jmalloc.so
nice=-19
open-files-limit=65535